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  身體好不舒服,該怎麼用英文請假?
 


請假的句型

可以用來表達「請假」的句型很多種,可以使用下列四種:

◎ take...leave / day (off)
◎ request...leave / day (off)
◎ ask for...leave / day (off)
◎ be on...leave / day (off)
那這幾種句型該如何應用在不同的假上呢?我們繼續往下看。

各種不同的假

◎ sick leave / day (off) 請病假
I took two days’ sick leave last week because of the flu.(我上禮拜因為流感請了兩天的病假。)
Sorry. I can’t help you. I’m on sick leave today.(抱歉。我幫不上忙。我今天請病假。)
I would like to take a sick day off today due to my allergies acting up.(我今天想要請病假,因為我過敏開始發作了。)
另外,「打電話去請病假」可以說 call in sick (to work / school)(向公司 / 學校請病假)。例如:
Mom: Are you feeling okay?(媽媽:你還好嗎?)
Child: No. I feel terrible.(孩子:不好。我覺得很不舒服。)
Mom: Okay. I’ll call in sick to school for you today.(好。我會打電話去學校幫你請病假。)

◎ personal leave / day (off) 請事假
其實事假就是因為「個人因素」而請的假,所以會直接說 personal leave / day (off) 。如:
Jonathan asked for a week off for personal leave.(Jonathan 請了一星期的事假。)
I need to take a personal day off today.(我今天要請事假。)

◎ maternity leave / paternity leave 請產假 / 陪產假
請產假分成兩種,一是女生要生產的「產假」會說:maternity leave,若是先生要陪太太生產的「陪產假」則會用 paternity leave。例如:
Gloria is on maternity leave since she just gave birth last week.(Gloria 現在請產假,因為她上星期剛生產完。)
A: Where’s Andy?(A:Andy 怎麼沒來?)
B: I heard his son was just born last night, so he’s probably on paternity leave right now.(聽說他兒子昨晚出生了,所以現在應該請了陪產假。)

◎ annual leave 年假
Our boss is giving us an extra three days’ annual leave this year.(今年老闆給我們額外三天的年假。)

◎ paid / unpaid leave 有薪假 / 無薪假
面試完你可能會跟朋友說:
They offered me 10 days’ paid leave.(他們給我十天的有薪假。)

◎ 描述某段時間需要請假
I need to take three days off from work from next Wednesday to next Friday because I have to go to the hospital to take care of my mom.
(我下星期三到下星期五需要請三天的假,因為我必須到醫院照顧我媽媽。)
若是請半天假,可以說 take the morning off(請早上的假)或是 take the afternoon off(請下午的假)。
A: I have to take my daughter to the dentist’s office tomorrow morning. What should I do?(A:我明天早上得帶我女兒去看牙醫。該怎麼辦?)
B: Why don’t you just take the morning off?(B:你明天早上何不就請半天假?)
這樣都學會了嗎?在留言區練習看看「請假」的造句吧!

(本英語教材由希平方科技贊助提供)



讓所有想學好英文的人能夠利用網路上豐富又有趣的影片資源,一起輕鬆愉快學英文。